2017年职称英语综合B级模拟预测试题【三】

时间:2016-05-04  来源:大考吧  

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23-30题,每题1分,共8分)下面的短文后有2 项测试任务:(1) 第23- 26 题要求从所给的6 个选项中为第1、2 、3 、5 段每段选择1个最佳标题; ( 2 ) 第27-30题要求从所给的6 个选项中为每个句子确定1 个最佳选项

  Carl Sagan

  1 “N o one has ever succeeded in conveying the wonder and joy of science as widely and few as wells.” That praise was given on Carl Sagan w h e n he w a s honored with the Public Welfare Medal, the highest award given by the National Academy of Science. On 20 December 1996,Carl Sagan died at age 62 of pneumonia. In m y experience, he w a s m u c h m ore than a prominent popularizer. H e w a s a brilliant scientist with solid achievements.

  2 I first met S a w n at a meeting of the A A A S , the American Association for the Advancement of Science, were he took part in a session on the Viking Mars Project. W h e n Viking landed on Mars in 1976,it was at a site he had helped select. Then I interviewed h i m in Washington, D.C.,after Mariner had sent back spectacular pictures of the Martian surface. Sagan had acted as a head of one of Mariner’s imaging teams. The interview, “Close-up Photos Reveal a Turbulent Mars,” appeared in Popular Sciences in September 1976.

  3 I had originally headlined the story “The R e d Planet Isn’t Dead,” but Sagan asked m e to change it. “I’m in enough hot waters with so m e of m y colleagues as it is,” he said, referring to the anger felt by some scientists over his growing fame as a popularizer. That fame reached a zenith during his 1980 television series “Cosmos ,” with an audience of 400 million people in 60 countries. Along the way, he captured Pulitzer Prize for his book The Dragons of Eden.

  4 He was noted for the vigor of his logic style, especially w h e n criticizing some piece of pseudoscience. I remembered a 1973 A A A S meeting at which he destroyed the theories of Immanual Velikovsky, who was maintaining that only a few thousands of years ago, Venus had repeatedly collided with Earth and Mars; events well noted, Velikovsky said, in the bible.

  5 Sagan was often heard observing that drawings of flying saucers never included a door. “ H o w did those creatures of outer space get in and out?” he once asked. On c e he said that pseudoscience is embraced in exact proportion as real science is misunderstood.

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