2017年职称英语考试理工类A级全真预测题【三】

时间:2016-05-14  来源:大考吧  

  一、词汇选项。下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  1 These are their motives for doing it

  A reasons

  B excuses

  C answers

  D plans

  2 The river widens considerably as it begins to turn west

  A twists

  B stretches

  C broadens

  D bends

  3 Henry cannot resist the lure of drugs.

  A abuse

  B flavor

  C temptation

  D consumption

  4 These programmes are of immense value to old people.

  A natural

  B fatal

  C tiny

  D enormous

  5 A great deal has been done to remedy the situation

  A maintain

  B improve

  C assess

  D protect

  6 John is collaborating with Mary in writing an article

  A cooperating

  B competing

  C combining

  D arguing

  7 He is determined to consolidate his power

  A strengthen

  B control

  C abandon

  D exercise

  8 Many scientists have been probing psychological problems

  A solving

  C settling

  B exploring

  D handling

  9 Hearing problems may be alleviated by changes in diet and exercise habits

  A removed

  B cured

  C worsened

  D relieved

  10 And the cars are tested for defects before leaving the factory

  A functions

  C motions

  B faults

  D parts

  11 The food is insufficient for three people.

  A instant

  B infinite

  C inexpensive

  D inadequate

  12 Thousands of people perished in the storm.

  A died

  B suffered

  C floated

  D scattered

  13 But in the end he approved of our proposal

  A undoubtedly

  B certainly

  C ultimately

  D necessarily

  14 For young children,getting dressed is a complicated business.

  A strange

  B complex

  C personal

  D funny

  15 In Britain and many other countries appraisal is now a tool of management.

  A evaluation

  B efficiency

  C production

  D publicity

  参考答案:

  1 A motive:动机;reason:理由。这两个词意思比较接近。There is no reason to doubt his word.没有理由不相信他的话。excuse:借口。answer:回答;plan:计划。

  2 C widen和broaden都有"拓宽"的意思。twist:弯曲;stretch:延伸。The forests stretch for hundreds of miles.森林绵延数百英里。bend:弯曲。

  3 C lure:吸引。temptation:吸引。这两个词意思相近。abuse:滥用;flavor:滋味:consumption:消费。

  4 D immense和enormous都有"巨大的"意思。It was an enormous disappointment.此事太令人失望了。natural:自然的;tiny:微小的;fatal:致命的。

  5 B remedy:补救;improve:改进。这两个词意思相近。Herbal medicine can be used to improve our health.草药可用于增进我们的健康。maintain:保持;protect:保护;assess:评估。

  6 A collaborate:合作;勾结;cooperate:合作。 She has agreed to cooperate with the police in the investigation.她同意在调查中跟警察合作。compete:竞争。combine:合并;argue:争论。

  7 A consolidate:巩固;strengthen:巩固,加强。To strengthen his position in Parliament.he held talks with leaders of the Peasant Party.为了加强在国会中的地位,他跟农民党的领导人进行了会谈。control:控制。abandon:放弃;exercise:行使。

  8 B probe:探索;explore:探索。这两个词意思很相近。Both parties are exploring ways of settling the dispute.双方都在寻求解决争端的办法。solve:解决;settle:解决;handle:处理。

  9 D alleviate:减轻。relieve:减轻;变小。remove:去掉;切除。cure:治疗。worsen:严重。

  10 B defect:缺陷;faults:缺陷;function:功能:motion:意向。part:部分。

  11 D insufficient:不充分的;inadequate:不充分的。Supplies of food and medicine are inadequate.食物和药品供应不足。instant:迫切的;infinite:无限的。inexpensive:不贵的。

  12 A perish:死亡;die:死亡。The old man will die soon.这个老人很快会死去o suffer:蒙受;float:漂浮;scatter:散乱。

  13 C in the end:最后;ultimately:最后。The food ultimately arrived at the end of last month.食品终于在上月末运到了。undoubtedly:无疑地;certainly:当然;necessarily:必定地。

  B complicated:复杂的;complex;复杂的。The issue is very complex.这个问题太复杂了。strange:奇怪的;personal.个人的。funny)r:有趣的。

  15 A appraisal:评价;evaluation:评价。Evaluation is standard practice for all training评价是各种教育通常的做法。production:生产;efficiency:效率。publicity:出名。