2017职称英语理工a级词汇选项模拟试题及答案解析一

时间:2016-05-14  来源:大考吧  

  在每道题的句子里都有一个加底线的词或短语,请在四个选项中找出与加底线的词或短语意义最相近的一项。

  1. With immense relief, I stopped running.

  A) much B) enormous C) little D) extensive

  1.B immense:巨大的。enormous:巨大的。The expense of living is immense today.现在生活的开支很大。Their losses were enormous.他们的损失巨大。much:许多。The students have given me much help.学生给了我许多帮助。little:小;少。The old man lived in a little house in the woods.老人生活在树林中的一座小屋里。extensive:广泛的。They make extensive contacts with the Chinese people.他们跟中国人广泛接触。

  2. The scientists began to accumulate a huge mass of data.

  A) build up B) put up C) make up D) clear up

  2.A accumulate:积累。build up:建立起。The old teacher has accumulated a lot of teaching experience.这位老教师积累了丰富的教学经验。We have built up a good reputation.我们建立起了很好的声誉。make up:编造。She made up a funny story to explain her absence.她编造了一个滑稽的故事,解释她为什么不来。Clear up:澄清。I'd like to clear up two or three points.我有两三点想澄清一下。

  3. When Jack eventually overtook the last truck he pulled over to the inside lane.

  A) skipped B) passed C) reached D) led

  3.B overtake:超过。pass:超过。Japan has overtaken Germany in industrial production.日本在工业生产方面已经超过了德国。The police car has passed the truck.警车已经超过了卡车。reach:到达。We reached our destination at midnight.我们午夜到达了目的地。lead:带。The blind man has a dog to lead him.这个盲人有条狗领他。

  4. Because of the popularity of the region, it is advisable to book hotels in advance.

  A) possible B) profitable C) easy D) wise

  4.D advisable:可取的。wise:聪明的。It is advisable that everyone save money for further education.为进一步接受教育而积点钱是可取的。No one is born wise.人不是生下来就聪明的。possible:可能的。It’s possible for you to take a night train.你搭乘夜车是可以的。profitable:有利可图的。The deal was quite profitable.这宗买卖是有利可图的。easy:容易。John is easy to please.使约翰高兴很容易。

  5. Data from Voyager II have presented astronomers with a puzzle about why our outermost planet exists.

  A) problem B) mystery C) question D) point

  5.B puzzle:迷。mystery:迷。His death has remained a puzzle.他怎么死的至今还是个迷。It was a mystery how the burglars got in.盗贼怎么进来的是个迷。problem:问题。We have lots of problems to solve.我们有许多问题要解决。question:问题。The clever student asked the teacher an extremely difficult question.那个聪明的学生问了老师一个极其难的问题。point:论点。The point that l want to make here and now is that Ph.D.dissertations must be original.此时此地我想要说的一点是博士论文必须是原创性的。

  6. He rolled up his trouser leg to exhibit his wounded knee.

  A) spread B) open C) show D) examine

  6.C exhibit:显示。show:显示。The Chinese soldiers exhibited great bravery in that fierce battle.在那场激烈的战斗中,中国士兵表现出了极大的勇气。The commander showed his talent in defending this glorious city.司令官在保卫这座光荣的城市中表现出了他的才能。spread:伸展。The flyover spreads for a mile and is huge.这座立交桥延伸到一英里,非常巨大。open:开。The conference was opened on May l and closed on May 4.大会五月一日开幕的,五月四日闭幕。The police man examined the passport very carefully.警察仔细地察看了护照。

  7. Why can't you stop your eternal complaining!

  A) everlasting B) long C) monotonous D) lengthy

  7.A eternal:永久的。Everlasting:永久的。I simple can’t stand his eternal boasting,saying that he is a man of great importance.我简直无法忍受他的永不休止的自吹,把自己说成是个重要的人物。We’re all working for everlasting peace.我们都在为永久的和平而奋斗。Long:长的。I had a long conversation with him today.我今天跟他长谈了一次。monotonous:单调的。His report was very monotonous.他的报告很枯燥。lengthy:长的。The guest professor gave us a very lengthy lecture this afternoon.客座教授今天下午给我们作了一个很长的讲座。

  8. This poem depicts the beautiful scenery of a small town in the South.

  A) describes B) draws C) writes D) introduces

  8.A depict:描写。describe:描写。This novel depicts the life of a traditional Chinese woman.这本小说描述了一个中国传统妇女的生活。The police woman asked her to describe the thief.那个女警察让她描述了那个盗贼。draw:画。The artist is drawing a picture of his home town.那个美术家在画他的家乡。write:写。The beginners are able to write simple sentences.初学者已经可以写简单旬了。introduce:介绍。Jack introduced Marry to John at the party.在聚会上杰克把玛丽介绍给了约翰。

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